Fisheries sector attained immense importance around the globe with augmenting income and employment generation. Indian fisheries sector provide dependency for over 14.5 million people across the country with Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, being the top three marine fish producing states of the country. Even possessing the highest literacy rate in the country, the irony exists that the fishers of Kerala are marginalized far way behind with comparatively higher level of literacy rate and educational attainment which limits them with minimal alternative livelihood options.This study is an attempt to examine the socio-economic profile of the fishing community in the Poonthura fishing village of the Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala, where fishing is the most important economic activity. Among the 222 fishing villages of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram has the maximum number of marine fishing villages (19 per cent) where in fishermen reside. Poonthura village is one of the major fishing villages from the South West hotspot regions of India, situated in the suburbs of Thiruvananthapuram district, the capital of Kerala. The study analyzed various socioeconomic aspects such as thefishing activity, basic household data, economic as well as historic and cultural dependence on fishing, gender equity, employment and occupational structure, community infrastructure, income distribution and assets, physical capital, financial capital, social capital, and exposure of the fishermen families by taking 500 samples from the study area. Even though the village is having a century old fishery culture and a strong emotional attachment to the fishing job, people are not ready to direct their young generation into this sector which indicates the higher level of vulnerability prevailing in the sector. The study as the first of its kind conducted at one of the most vulnerable marine hotspot of Kerala and which explains the problems, prospects of the inhabitants in the sector has its own relevance as a basis to develop proper adaptation mitigation strategies for the fisher folks.