It gives me great pleasure to share with you a draft copy of the book ‘Indian Marine Fisheries Code: Guidance on a Marine Fisheries Management Model for India’ jointly produced by the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR-CIFT) and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (ICAR-CMFRI). Scientists of CMFRI and CIFT have come together to provide guidance on how the FAO’s 1995 Code of Conduct of Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) can be operationalized in India.
I request you to kindly read the book and provide your valuable comments on the concepts and implementation plan provided in the book. In order to make your job easier, we are providing a brief questionnaire which you could answer in a simple yes/no format. If, however, you feel strongly about some points you could also write in comments in detail or directly email me the comments. We are also providing a return-addressed stamped envelope through which you could return the comments. We would very much appreciate receiving your comments within 3 weeks of receipt of this book.
I hope that you would be able to comply with our request in spite of your busy schedule in the interest of sustainability of marine fisheries of the country. Looking forward to hearing from you at the earliest.
DBT Sponsored National Training in Molecular Biology & Biotechnology for Fisheries Professionals
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ICAR-CMFRI commercialises its anti-obesity nutraceutical product
CMFRI gives exclusive license to VLCC health care group for using the technology for commercial production
The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has commercialized its recently developed nutraceutical product named CadalminTM Antihypercholesterolemic extract (CadalminTM ACe) for reducing obesity and cholesterol. The CMFRI gave the exclusive license to the VLCC, a leading Indian MNC in wellness and obesity management, for using the technology for commercial production and marketing of the product.
Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of CMFRI signed a license agreement with Sandeep Ahuja, Director of the VLCC Group and Dr A H Zaidi, Executive Vice President (R & D) of the firm.
CMFRI developed the anti-obesity nutraceutical product using natural marine bioactive ingredients from selected seaweeds after years of intensive research and the product was found to be effective in combating dyslipidemia and obesity. (Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g.,triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids) in the blood).
The bioactive principles contained in CadalminTM ACe inhibit various enzymes like hydroxymethyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase and various target receptors, which are responsible for causing obesity and dyslipidemia.
CadalminTM ACe provides a unique blend of 100 per cent natural marine bioactive ingredients from selected seaweeds with an eco-friendly ‘green technology’, which is currently under patent. The product has been proved to be devoid of any side effects following long-term oral administration of the tablets as established by detailed pre-clinical trials. The nutraceutical product is prepared from seaweeds, which are known for their extraordinary medicinal properties and are commonly available in the Indian coastal waters. CadalminTM ACe is the fourth in the series of the nutraceutical products developed from seaweeds by CMFRI. CMFRI had already developed nutraceuticals for diabetes and arthritis.
The CMFRI is in the process of developing more health products and nutraceuticals from seaweeds, that are bounty in Indian coastal waters.
Information on the availability of this product in the market will be made public as soon as the product becomes ready through the firm.
ICAR-CMFRI releases estimates of marine fish landings in India-2016
India’s marine fish catch increases 6.6%
India’s total marine fish landings recorded a slight increase of 6.6 per cent during 2016 compared to the previous year with a production of 3.63 million tonnes against 3.40 million tonnes in 2015. The estimates of country’s marine fish landings of 2016 released by the Kochi headquartered ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) on 20th May 2017 highlighted that for the first time after 1998 sardine was not the top-ranked species in terms of the landings in the country.
According to ICAR-CMFRI’s estimates, Gujarat remained at the top position for the fourth consecutive year with a production of 7.74 lakh tonnes followed by Tamil Nadu (7.07 lakh tonnes) and Karnataka (5.29 lakh tonnes). Even as Kerala, one of the major fish consuming States in the country, was slipped down to fourth spot for the first time in the history, the state registered an 8% increase in its total marine fish catch over the previous year producing 5.23 lakh tonnes in 2016. West Bengal, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra and Daman & Diu witnessed a hike in the marine fish landings, whereas other states including Tamil Nadu registered a fall in the catch in varying degrees.
Karnataka boosted its landings to reach to the third spot in the country by a production of 5.29 lakh tonnes ahead of Kerala, recording 19.6% increase over the previous year. In 2015 Karnataka was in the fourth position in the country.
Mackerel tops in India
Mackerel, the national fish was placed the first spot of the major resources obtained all over the country, after a long interval from 1999 with an overall production of 2.5 lakh tonnes ahead of oil sardine (2.44 lakh tonnes). However, the catch of mackerel dropped by 33% in Kerala.
A significant change observed during 2016 was the landing patter of bulls eye (Priacanthus spp). From a mere 4,691 tonnes in 2015, the catch of the fish was escalated to a six-times-high of 1.3 lakh tonnes this year. The fish emerged as a major resource in the landings with high production in the West Coast where Karnataka contributed the maximum.
Huge hike in Hilsa
A huge hike in the landings of Hilsa shad, the most favourite fish of people of West Bengal, helped the state to increase its marine fish production to 2.72 lakh tonnes. The fish recovered from its previous trends of dwindling catch to reach 94,000 tonnes, a four-fold increase compared to 2015. The revival of Hilsa helped the West Bengal to increase its marine fish production to 2.72 lakh tonnes in 2016 from a 1.18 lakh tonnes of 2015, a huge upsurge in the catch.
Catch declined in Andhra Pradesh
At the same time, fish catch dropped significantly in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha mainly due to the cyclone which reduced fishing days in these states. Andhra Pradesh recorded a decrease of 35% during 2016 over the previous year, while 17% of catch declined in Odisha.
The marine fish landing estimates of the ICAR-CMFRI also showed that chub mackerel (Scomber indicus), the new fish described by the CMFRI last year, was limited to the Kerala coasts only. Around one thousand tonnes of this resource was landed off the Kerala coasts during 2016.
20% increase in value of fish
The estimate of value of marine fish landings during 2016 at the landing centre level in the country was ? 48,381 crores, registering an increase of 20.7% compared to 2015. At the retail level, the estimated value was ? 73,289 crores with an increase of 12.4% over the previous year. Even as the landings increased in the state, Kerala suffered a fall of 18.1% over previous year in the value of fish catch at the retail centres.
The Fisheries Resource Assessment Division of the ICAR-CMFRI estimated the annual marine fish landings of the country.
Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI released the estimates. According to him, the marine capture fisheries is experiencing more fishing pressure and there is urgent need to implement control measures to maintain the harvest at sustainable levels. “Also, we have to explore the utilisation of untapped and unconventional resources to quench the demand. Further, climate change, particularly the increase of sea surface temperature and mean sea level rise are factors affecting the marine fisheries. The ICAR-CMFRI is carrying out research works for developing frameworks to mitigate such challenges”, he added.
Dr T V Sathianandan, Head, Fishery Resources Assessment Division, presented the findings. Various Heads of Divisions Dr K Sunil Muhammed, Dr G Maheshwarudu, Dr Prathibha Rohit, Dr R Narayanakumar and Dr PU Zacharia also were present on the occasion.