Secretary, DAHDF interacts with scientists, fish farmers at ICAR-CMFRI
Shri Devendra Choudhary IAS, Secretary, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DAHDF), Govt. of India visited the ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi on 22nd July 2017 and interacted with the representatives of various central fisheries institutes and brackishwater fish farmers in Kerala.
He urged the scientific community to focus on mariculture in order to increase the marine fish production. Micro-level planning is required to promote the sea cage farming across the coastal belts of the country, he said.
During the meeting, Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI requested the Secretary to take follow up action for finalising the National Plan of Action on Sharks for which a guidance document has been submitted by the CMFRI to the DADHF. Mr. Choudhary asked the ICAR-CMFRI to send a formal communication to the DADHF in this regard.
The Secretary reiterated that ICAR-CMFRI should finalise the draft National Mariculture Policy and circulate among all maritime states and union territories for feedback.
He also said that the CMFRI would be made a national nodal training agency for cage farming of various marine species especially cobia and pompano with the financial support of National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB).
“The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DAHDF) has approved a budget of Rs 9 crore to the ICAR-CMFRI for the establishment of the national brood bank for enhancing the production of cobia and pompano which will be a major breakthrough in the development of sea cage farming in the country”, Mr Choudhary said.
Shri Devendra Choudhary also stressed the need for estimating the potential of live copepods to enhance its production so that fish farming sector could be bolstered. Marine ornamental fish farming should be strengthened in the country by attracting more farmers into the practice, he said and added that the DAHDF would take steps to establish a micro feed mill in PPP mode with the technical support of ICAR-CMFRI.
The Secretary also assured the ICAR-CMFRI that the Department would look into considering the annual marine fish landing estimates being carried out by the institute as the authenticated data for country’s policy forumlations. ICAR-CMFRI has been estimating the national marine fish landing data since 1947.
Dr S Karthikeyan IAS, Director of Fisheries, Kerala and Dr L Sankar, Joint Commissioner of DAHDF also accompanied him.
Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director, ICAR-CMFRI apprised him of the recent research activities being carried out by the Institute. He said that ICAR-CMFRI would cooperate with the DAHDF to extend adequate technical support for improving the marine fish sector of all the maritime states in the country and sought the support of the Department in executing relevant research inputs in the sector.
Heads of the Divisions from the ICAR-CMFRI and representatives from ICAR-NBFGR, ICAR-CIFRI, MPEDA, KUFOS, CIFNET and FSI attended the interactive meet.
During the interaction with the brackishwater fish farmers in Kerala, Shri Devendra Choudhary said the total fish production in the country should reach 15 million tonnes from the present 10 million tonnes by 2020. Referring to the scarcity of quality fish seed, he ensured that the Central Government would set up a fin fish hatchery in the State to promote the brackishwater fish farming in the region. In addition, he also said the Government would take steps, with the collaboration of Central Institutes, to set up nurseries and FRP hatcheries for shrimp.
Pointing out the emerging diseases in the brackish water fish and shrimp farming, Shri Choudhary said eco-labelling and organic farming would help to avoid wrong practices which cause disease outbreak. “The Government is planning to develop a mechanism to certify organic farmed crops to systematise the practice”, he added.
CMFRI achievements appeared in ICAR Major Milestones 2016-17
National Fish Farmers’ Day Celebrated at ICAR-CMFRI
National Fish Farmers’ Day was celebrated in a befitting manner at Tuticorin Research Centre of ICAR-the Central Marine Fisheries Research Insitute on 10th July 2017. Interactive meet, competition and awareness lectures were organised at the Centre as part of the programme.
The topic on ‘importance of seafood and fish farming’ was dicussed during the interactive meet of fish farmers, students and scientists. The meet was organised with an aim to provide opportunity for the school students to understand the importance of marine fisheries, fish farming and seafood and encourage them to pursue higher education in the field of marine fisheries and aquaculture. Apart from 45 students from nine schools, fish farmers from the areas such as Sippikulam, Keelavaipar and Therespuram and scientists from TRC of ICAR-CMFRI also took part in the programme.
The students interacted with the farmers and the scientists on relevant issues in the marine fisheries sector. In the intellectual competition held for the students, the Subbiah Vidyalayam Girls Higher Secondary School and Sakthi Vinayakar Hindu Vidyalaya School, Thoothukudi were selected as the winners and runners respectively.
Dr P P Manojkumar, Principal Scientist & Scientist-in-charge of TRC of ICAR-CMFRI, Dr I Jagadis, Dr L Ranjith, Dr P S Asha, Dr C P Suja, Smt. M Kavitha, Shri. C Kalidas, Shri. Rajan Kumar and Smt. Shikha Rahangdale spoke on the occasion. The fish farmers from Tuticorin coastal villages also shared their experience to the students.
CMFRI Signs MoU with Mangrove Foundation
ICAR-the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Mangrove and Marine Biodiversity Conservation Foundation of Maharashtra for collaborating in the field of sustainable marine fisheries, aquaculture research, development and extension.
Shri N Vasudevan, IFS, Executive Director, Mangrove Foundation and Additional PCCF, Government of Maharashtra and Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director, ICAR-CMFRI signed the MoU on 04th July 2017 at the CMFRI Headquarters in Kochi.
According to the MoU, which is for a period of five years, the CMFRI and Mangrove Foundation will work together to promote and accelerate the progress of research and training in various aspects of sustainable marine fish culture and capture fisheries and conservation of marine ecosystem and marine biodiversity.
The linkage is mainly aimed at developing and implementing collaborative research projects, pilot projects, field trials, and coastal livelihood programmes in the area by the establishment of mutual relation between the scientific and technical divisions of the two organisations.
A Joint Working Group will be formed soon with the representatives from both organisations to follow up the collaborative works and suggest necessary measures for achieving the intended objective of the mutual cooperation.
NITI Aayog, ICAR-CMFRI Join Hands for Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries
Aimed at implementing the Sustainable Development Goal-14 (SDG) of the United Nations in India, ICAR- the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), Kochi organised a two-day national workshop in collaboration with NITI Aayog and WWF-India on 4th and 5th July 2017.
Representatives of all the coastal States and UTs along with stakeholders including the concerned officials from the central government ministries, academia and scientists from research institutes, UN bodies and NGOs attended the workshop.
During the workshop, a set of recommendations was finalised by the expert for the achieving the stipulated targets included in the Sustainable Development Goal-14 of the United Nations.
The major recommendations include proposals for stopping registration of new fishing vessels in Indian waters to solve overcapacity in the sector; implementing licencing scheme to fishing gear and boat building yards; setting up marine parks, community reserves and no-take zones; uniform Minimum Legal Size (MLS) restrictions on all coastal States and UTs to prevent juvenile fishing and Ocean Regulation Management Act to bring uniformity in fishing in Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Besides, the recommendations include calls for all coastal states to put in place a Vessel Monitoring and Surveillance (VMS) system; classifying ecologically sensitive marine hotspots as Biodiversity Heritage Sites and include marine literacy in school curriculum to create awareness on the importance of coastal and marine conservation.
Proposals for restriction fishing rights exclusively to the fishers living in coastal villages, formation of District Level Committees (DLS) for monitoring CRZ violations, recognising importance of women groups and women organisations in coastal developments and formulation of national Mariculture Policy to boost mariculture as an alternate livelihood have also been included in the recommendations.
Dr. Ashok Jain, Advisor to NITI Aayog, P K Biswal, Additional Secretary of Planning and Convergence Department of Odisha, Dr Sejal Worah, Programme Director of WWF-India, Dr A Gopalakrishnan, Director of ICAR-CMFRI, Dr C N Ravishankar, Director of ICAR-CIFT, Dr Pravin Puthra, Assistant Director General of ICAR and N Vasudevan, Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Maharashtra among others lead the discussion at the workshop.
WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY
The theme of the World Environmental Day 2017 ‘Connecting people to Nature’ was celebrated by Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute- Headquarters through various activities in Ernakulam and Thrissur districts of Kerala from 5th -20th June, 2017.
1. TRAINING PROGRAMMES
Three programmes on LED bulb assembling (as a measure for conserving electric energy) and ecofriendly bag fabrication for reducing use of plastic bags were organized at Cheranelloor Panchayat in different venues. The first two programmes on June 5th were conducted in the Library hall of the Panchayat while the third on 14th June, 2017 was organized at a local auditorium. The programmes were organized in association with Ernakulam District Residents Association Apex Council (EDRAAC) and representatives from 16 Residents Association participated in this programme. Members from resident groups Thanal, VVK Valath, Ambalakadav, Eera, Snehatheeram, Mitram, Sreepadam, Swaruma, Estra, Haritha, Santhwan, PWRA, Krishnakripa, Gura, Mathirapilli and others participated. A talk on the importance of saving energy to abate climate change and reduce the use of non degradable item to conserve the nature was delivered by Dr. V. Kripa, Pr. Scientist & Head-in-Charge of Fishery Environment Management Division. Training on LED bulb assembling were led by Mr. P.S. Anilkumar, Dr. D. Prema, Mrs. Lavanya Ratheesh, Mr. Seban John and Mr. Vysakhan, while classes on ecofriendly bag fabrication were led by Ms. Tasneem (SHG faculty) and supported by Mrs. Shylaja, Mrs. Salini and Mrs. M.P. Shyamala. They were also taught to make paper bags using old newspaper and chart paper.
Ernakulum District Residents’ Association Apex Council EDRAAC women wing President Smt. Shaheeba Sameer, Vice President Smt. Maria Gorati, District President Smt. Ponnamma Parameswaran and EDRAAC Chairman and Area President Mr. Madhu; Secretary Dash Mon; Vice President Mr. Vasudevan Namboothiri; Office Secretary Mr. Francis also spoke on the occasion. About 175 residents were trained in these themes which were promoted for a healthy nature.
2. AWARENESS PROGRAMME FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN
A talk on ‘Connecting people with nature’ was delivered at SDPY School on June 5th followed by a quiz programme for the high schools. About 150 students participated and interacted in this programme. Mrs. Vineetha Valsalan, Senior Research Fellow, (FEMD) and Mr. Ranith R(Post-Doctoral Fellow, FEMD) helped in conduct of quiz programme.
AWARENESS PROGRAMME FOR YOUTH
On June 20th , 2017 a talk on ‘Impact on climate change on coastal ecosystem’ was delivered by Dr. V. Kripa at S.N. College, Nattika, Thrissur. The programme was jointly organized by different sections of the College like Nature Club, Biodiversity Club, NSS, NCC and Bhoomitrasena and supported by Kerala State Council for Science Technology and Environment. After the talk an intercollegiate quiz programme on ‘Know your nature’ was organized in which various Colleges from Thrissur District participated. Prizes were also distributed. Dr. V. Kripa (Quiz master), Mr. Anilkumar, Mrs. Jenni. B, Mrs. Lavanya Ratheesh, Mr. Seban John, Mr. Vysakhan and Mrs. Vineetha Valsalan were actively involved in making the programme a success.
ICAR-CMFRI Observes International Yoga Day
The ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) observed the International Day of Yoga on 21st June 2017 with demonstration of yoga and an awareness lecture. Dr (Major) Rajesh Nambissan was the chief guest of the programme, which was organised by the Recreation Club of the institute. He said that regular yoga practice would help human being to coordinate and concentrate the activities related to body, breath and mind. A regular yoga practitioner could achieve this level even when he is performing routine activities such as cooking, playing, bathing etc.
Prior to the speech, Shri K Vijayakumar, Sri Sri Yoga Faculty of the Art of Living Foundation demonstrated the yoga to the staff member of the ICAR-CMFRI, ICAR-CIFRI and ICAR-NBFGR. Around 250 staff members attended the programme. The activity started with body setting exercises followed by routine yoga practices and postures.
Dr V Kripa, President, Recreation Club of ICAR-CMFRI and Head of Fishery Environment Division, welcomed the gathering and K Smitha, Secretary of the Club proposed vote of thanks.
Mass scale seed production of Indian pompano (Trachinotus mookalee) at Visakhapatnam, Regional Centre of ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute:
First of its kind in the world
Indian pompano is a marine fish, belonging to the family Carangidae. It is distributed in Indo West Pacific region and is reported to be present in 15 different countries of the Asian continent. In India, the fish is reported from both the west and the east coasts. It is marine with sporadic occurrences in bays and lagoons and the adult fishes prefer shallow coastal waters with rocky areas. The fish is considered to be a good candidate species for aquaculture due to its fast growth rate, easy adaptability to culture conditions, quick acceptance of artificial feed, euryhaline nature, pleasant appearance, good meat quality and high consumer preference. In addition, it can be successfully cultured in tanks, ponds and cages.
In a bid to diversify Indian mariculture, breeding and seed production of the species was initiated at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI with broodstock collection in the year 2011. Initial success in seed production on a small scale was achieved in early 2014. However, seed could not be produced consistently due to the loss of broodstock maintained in the cage by the effect of the catastrophic Hud Hud cyclone which hit Visakhapatnam coast in the same year. Broodstock collection was initiated again in 2015 and the fishes were stocked in land based - Recirculating Aquaculture System (RAS) for development and maturation. With manipulation of water quality and feeding protocols, fishes were induced to spawn in the RAS and mass scale seed production was achieved in early 2017. Metamorphosis from larvae to fry started on the 17th day post-hatch and was completed by the 22nd day. After 30 days of rearing, the survival rate was around 17.2% and the fry reached an average size of 2.9 cm in length and 1.27 g in weight. Around few thousand fry were transferred to Veraval Regional Centre of CMFRI, Veraval, Gujarat and are being nursery reared for stocking in cages. Another few thousand fry were transferred to Nagayalanka, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh and are being nursed in hapas prior to release in pond. The remaining fry, again a few thousands, are being nursery reared at Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of CMFRI, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh and will be shortly stocked in open sea floating cages for grow-out. This is the first report of successful mass scale seed production of Indian pompano (Trachinotus mookalee) under confinement from anywhere in the world.
Recent success in seed production of Indian pompano by Visakhapatnam Regional Centre of ICAR-CMFRI has raised a ray of hope for culture of the fish using hatchery produced seeds in India and will present enormous scope for aquaculture business opportunity in near future for Indian fish farmers through species diversification.
The World Ocean Day was celebrated on 8th June 2017 at TRC of CMFRI by conducting “Beach cleaning programme” at Inigo Nagar, Tuticorin. The overall theme for World Ocean Day 2017 is “Our Oceans, Our Future,” and mainly focused on the prevention of plastic pollution in the ocean for a healthier ocean and a better future.
The programme was started at 14:15 hrs with an awareness rally from office to Inigo nagar by Staff of TRC of CMFRI to create awareness among the public. The beach cleaning activity begun with a briefing of coastal pollution especially the effect of plastic in the ocean. The fishermen of Inigo nagar village actively involved in the programme. They were also motivated and encouraged to understand the need and importance of clean oceans in their daily life. All the staff members and contractual labourers of the centre were enthusiastically participated in the beach cleaning drive. During this programme, the cleaning activity was carried out along the beach of Inigo nagar. The waste materials especially plastic items, unusable damaged fishing gears and broken glass remains were segregated and disposed off safely in dust bins. The major thrust was given to fisherfolk in the removal of plastics. People of Inigo nagar diligently involved in this programme and they also thank TRC of CMFRI for organizing this cleanliness drive programme to educate them the importance of clean ocean and its role in human life that will help them and their future generation to keep the ocean free from pollution. The beach cleaning programme was came to an end by 16:15 hrs.
National Consultation Meet on ‘Mariculture and Open Sea Cage Culture Development in India’ organized at Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR- CMFRI
A two days National Consultation Meet on ‘Mariculture and Open Sea Cage Culture Development in India’ was organized by Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF), Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare in collaboration with National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and ICAR-Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) at Mandapam Regional Centre of ICAR- CMFRI on 8th - 9th June 2017. Shri. Devendra Chaudhry, I.A.S., Secretary, DADF inaugurated the consultation meet. Dr.A.Gopalakrishnan, Director, CMFRI delivered the welcome address and felicitated the dignitaries.
Shri. Aditya Kumar Joshi, I.F.S., Joint Secretary, DADF, Shri. Gagandeep Singh Bedi, I.A.S., Principal Secretary to Govt. of Tamil Nadu, Shri.V.P.Thandapani, I.A.S., Director of Fisheries, Tamil Nadu, Shri. G.S.Sameeran, I.A.S., Additional Director of Fisheries, Ramanathapuram, Shri.S.Natarajan, I.A.S., District Collector, Ramanathapuram, Shri.Ram Sankar Naik, I.A.S., Commissioner of Fisheries, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Pravin Puthran, ADG (M.Fy.), ICAR actively participated in the deliberations.
Officials of the Fisheries departments from the maritime states viz., Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Union Territory of Puducherry and Lakshadweep and institutions viz., ICAR-CMFRI, CSIR-CSMCRI, ICAR-CIBA, NIOT, RGCA, AFI also attended the meeting.
Hon’ble Secretary, DADF directed ICAR-CMFRI to prepare an action plan to achieve 4 lakh tonnes of marine finfish production within five years in different locations of maritime states. He also suggested the ICAR-CMFRI to circulate the draft mariculture policy to all maritime states. After getting the inputs from the all the States, the Government of India will finalise the policy. Joint Secretary, DADF suggested the maritime States to submit proposal for financial assistance from the Centre for setting up of hatcheries, nurseries and cage farms in their respective states.
The consultative meet, which concluded on Friday, discussed various issues in mariculture and open sea cage culture; policy aspects; status of breeding and nursery rearing technology for species used in mariculture etc.
Dr.A.Gopalakrishnan, Director, CMFRI, Dr.Imelda Joseph, Head In-charge, Mariculture Division, Dr.A.K.Abdul Nazar, Scientist-in-Charge had made elaborate arrangements for smooth conduct of the programme.
Earlier Hon’ble Secretary, DADF, Additional Director of Fisheries, Ramanathapuram, District Collector, Ramanathapuram, Director, CMFRI along with scientists visited the cage farm at Thangachimadam, Seaweed farms at Munaikadu, CMFRI cage farm and hatchery facilities.